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Hardly an end to military rule

As Egypt reckons with the 60th anniversary of the 23 July 1952 revolution, it is important to revisit the historical context which led to the officer’s coup as well as the figures within it that are perhaps not quite as remembered as well as they should.

The past is only one of the three important aspects for July 23 which still affects Egypt strongly to this very day.

Every single president up until before the current one has been a military man.

But that is just the direct interpretation of the concept of military rule with former officers holding hundreds of key positions within the state and the public sector, controlling the lives of citizens all the way to minutia of sanitation and water plants.

Finally, it is worth exploring the relationship between the two revolutions of 23 July 1952 and 25 January 2011, with many activists claiming the latter came to end the regime born out of the former while others, Nasserists and Arab Nationalists like former presidential candidates Hamdeen Sabahi, claim they are two halves of the same whole.

Egypt has elected its first civilian president in Mohamed Morsy, but with the constitutional decree in effect, this hardly means the end of military rule.

Ahmed Aboulenein

January vs. July

The January 25th revolutionaries believe in their heart of hearts that their revolution came to end the July 23rd revolution

Mahmoud Salem

Military Trials and Morsi’s Amnesty

Ever since Morsi’s victory in the presidential election, calls have been escalating for a presidential intervention in to cases where civilians have been detained in military prisons and tried before military courts. Regardless of the motives; whether a response to political pressure or genuine compassion for the cause, Morsi has promised to put the issue …

Ziad A. Akl

The other Cairo sit-in

Since the results of the presidential elections, many have turned on the generals accusing them of having forfeited the best interests of the state for their own political survival.

Hend Kortam

Major General Mohamed Hegazi tells a news program that President-elect Mohamed Morsi will have full executive powers once he is sworn in (Screengrab)

SCAF generals: No blood on our hands

In a CBC interview last night, Major Generals Mohamed El-Assar and Mahmoud Hegazy said that the supplementary constitutional decree not limit Morsi’s powers and that they would practice limited legislative authority

Ahmed Aboulenein

After a week of unofficial claims of victory, Mohamed Morsi is officially declared President of Egypt.

Mohamed Morsi wins

The candidate from the Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party becomes the first civilian President of Egypt

Maryam Ishani

Mohamed Morsi, FJP Chairman and presidential candidate addresses a meeting of coalition partners against SCAF rule (AFP)

Coalitions of the divided

Coalitions are springing up left and right in the wake of the Presidential Elections Committee’s postponement of the ‘official’ presidential election results, further exacerbating what many activists and politicians are calling the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces’ “coup.”

Ahmed Aboulenein

Tanjil Rashid

SCAF’s transition in Western press

This week, the Western press was gripped by the electoral drama in a Mediterranean nation with a history of military meddling now in the midst of a national crisis. I am talking, of course, about Greece, whose elections piped Egypt’s to the front pages. Not that the great game of Egypt’s own electoral politics hasn’t attracted its fair share of commentary. They all knew …

Tanjil Rashid

Decree expands SCAF authority and curbs president’s remit over defence

The country’s ruling Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) has issued a ‘complimentary constitutional declaration’ late on Sunday, only hours after initial results of the runoff round of presidential elections started coming in. The declaration outlines the powers of the next president and sets up how the anticipated new constitution is to be drafted and …

Ahmed Aboulenein

In advance of handover of power military delineates scope of influence

  Late on Monday evening the Supreme Council of Armed Forces delivered three statements containing decrees that delineate the scope of their authority following the handover of power to the President. At the time of printing they had not yet been published in the official state papers. Chief among the new articles is the creation …

Maryam Ishani