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Latest in In Focus


Could Saudi challenges become Iraqi opportunities for Egypt?

In the 1970s, the alliance between Egypt and Saudi Arabia was formed as a result to the countries’ mutual interests and threats. The ties between the two countries were stronger than ever, especially after Egypt had led the Arab participation in the international coalition against former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein in the early 1990s, after …

Mohamed Samir

Egypt’s treasury bonds: high interest, but for what?

The government of President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi promised to carry out a lot of economic reforms in the country, which require excessive effort and financing, as the president had mentioned many times during different speeches. The government has been asking for foreign help since Al-Sisi came to office, from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab …

Hisham Salah

Despite efforts, investors have not flocked to national mega projects

The government headed by Sherif Ismail has repeatedly said that it wants to attract investment to all national projects which were announced by President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi. However, experts believe that the government is wasting precious time by not establishing the infrastructure of these mega projects. These projects are the Suez Canal Economic Zone, the …

Hisham Salah

Prospects and risks of Egypt’s ambitious economic reform programme, according to the IMF 

Since 2011, political and regional developments have taken a significant toll on the Egyptian economy. Underlying structural challenges and the prolonged political transition led to the build-up of macroeconomic imbalances. A significantly overvalued exchange rate undermined competitiveness and depleted reserves. Weak revenue, combined with poorly targeted subsidies and a growing public sector wage bill, resulted …

Mohamed Samir

Was the government ready for the flotation’s consequences?

Squeezed by economic and political turmoil following the 25 January Revolution that toppled former president Hosni Mubarak, Egyptians are now facing a new era of hardship and austerity. The government’s adopted economic reform programme, backed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), included the flotation of the Egyptian pound, subsidy cuts, high interest rates, and the …

Mohamed Samir

Closing borders is inhumane and contradicts German values: SPD member

The head of Germany’s social democratic party (SPD) headquarters in Berlin, Dennis Buchner, ruled out that opening the German border for refugees could be a long-term electoral manoeuvre by chancellor Angela Merkel and the ruling party. He refuted reports that alleged Germany was receiving an increasingly larger amount of refugees, but stressed Germany should not …

Emad El-Sayed

Egypt’s subsidy system: questionable corruption, unending problems

At the beginning of the 20th century, when the world was plagued by famines and world wars, governments enlisted food subsidy programmes to feed their citizenry in these desperate times. Such programmes are still used by government’s all over the world in order to combat poverty and hunger. However, many countries across the world have …

Hisham Salah

Trials and tribulations of the Right of Asylum

Everything about the life of an asylum seeker has two sides. The dreams that refugees may have of a Promised Land can shape their destiny, making them indignant or satisfied. If they are looking for safety and the right to a better life, then they would be grateful towards Germany, its renowned bureaucracy and the …

Emad El-Sayed

How should the government pace its reforms after the IMF loan approval?

On 11 November, the executive board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved a $12bn three-year extended fund facility for Egypt, in support of the government’s economic reform programme. Ever since negotiations with the IMF started, the government has implemented a number of economic reforms, including passing the civil service and value-added tax laws, floating …

Hisham Salah

Sugar: one more problem for Egyptians

Since the end of September, Egypt has been facing a remarkable shortage in sugar, pushing the commodity’s price upwards, while creating its very own informal market, and consequently, increasing the suffering of Egyptians. Egypt produced a total of 2.2m tonnes of sugar in 2015 and consumed 3.1m tonnes, creating a shortage of some 900,000 tonnes. …

Hisham Salah

The feasibility of Egypt’s national projects

  On 18 October, , said that Egypt has to focus on developing its investment climate instead of national projects. However, nobody feels the economic effects of the three main national projects that Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi announced would be implemented when he became president over two years ago, including developing the Suez Canal area, the …

Hisham Salah

Al-Shaab Yaamor: an initiative for company marketing

The escalating price hikes are a hot debate in Egypt; citizens are expressing their frustration and worry following the successive price increases across all goods and commodities, especially food commodities, fruits, vegetables, and other durable goods. In light of the price hikes, Egyptian TV presenter Amr Adib proposed an initiative for companies to reduce their …

Shaimaa Al-Aees