Egypt came in the 57th ranking among 113 countries and 8th among Arab countries in the global food security index in 2016, according to the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS).
A recent report issued by CAPMAS on the economics of food security in Egypt from 2006-2015 noted that Egypt was also ranked 59th in a list of 118 countries—and the third Arab country—in the global hunger index in 2016.
The report added that the deficit quantity of wheat increased 56% during 2006-2015 from 6.4 million tonnes to 10 million tonnes, while the self-sufficiency ratio decreased from 56.4% to 49.1%. The average portion per person decreased by 10% from 192.4kg/year to 173kg/year.
The surplus quantity of rice decreased 85.6% during 2006-2015 from 976,000 tonnes to 141,000 tonnes. Meanwhile, the self-sufficiency ratio decreased from 126.5% to 102.6%, while the average portion per person increased 18% from 48.3kg/year to 57kg/year.
CAPMAS noted that the deficit quantity of beans decreased by 21% during the same period, from 338,000 tonnes to 267,000 tonnes, while the self-sufficiency ratio decreased from 43% to 31%, and the average portion per person decreased 44.6% from 6.5kg/year to 3.6kg/year.
As for onions, the self-sufficiency ratio increased during 2006-2015 from 100.4% to 121.7%. The average portion per person increased by 24.5% from 18.4kg/year to 22.9kg/year.
Furthermore, the self-sufficiency ratio of sugarcane remained fixed at 100% during 2006-2015, while the average portion per person decreased 37.9% from 85.4kg/year to 53kg/year by 37.9%.
On the other hand, the deficit quantity of red meat increased 141.6% during 2006-2015 from 298,000 tonnes to 720,000 tonnes. The self-sufficiency ratio decreased from 74.6% to 57.5%, while the average portion per person increased 17.2% from 16.3kg/year to 19.1kg/year.
Similarly, the deficit quantity of white meat increased during 2006-2015 from 10,000 tonnes to 98,000 tonnes. The self-sufficiency ratio decreased from 98.7% to 92.9%, and the average portion per person increased by 38.7% from 11.1kg/year to 15.4kg/year.
Moreover, the deficit quantity of fish decreased during 2006-2015 from 202,000 tonnes to 185,000 tonnes—a decrease of 8.4%—while the self-sufficiency ratio increased from 82.8% to 89.0%, with the average portion per person increasing 17.8% from 16.3kg/year to 19.2kg/year.